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Articles By Chip

Friday, June 1, 2018

The Family Trust

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney

I often devote this column to a discussion of the use of various types of trusts in estate planning. For example, we've discussed the joint revocable trust, where a couple will create a trust for their joint benefit during their lifetime, and at the first death the   trust will continue for the benefit of the surviving spouse, and then pass to the children or other beneficiaries. We've also talked about the legacy trust that is created for children after the parents' deaths to protect assets for the children during their lifetimes from the risk of divorce, debts, death taxes and disability.


Read more . . .


Tuesday, May 1, 2018

IRA Planning and Distributions

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney

The most valuable asset an individual often has today is their employer sponsored  401k, Thrift Savings Account,   or their individual retirement account (IRA). These accounts grow and accumulate on a tax-deferred basis. You pay no income taxes on your retirement  savings account until you actually withdraw funds from the account.  The IRS requires that you begin removing funds from these  accounts in the year you reach the age of 70 ½ or  at least by April 1st of the  following  year and continue taking a required minimum distribution (RMD) every year after reaching 70 ½.


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Sunday, April 1, 2018

How to Pay For A Nursing Home?

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney

A question we often hear from our estate planning clients,”  If I end up in a nursing home   how do I pay for it? There are only three ways to pay for long-term care, and Medicare is not one of them. First,  you can pay out of your own pocket. Second, you can purchase long-term care insurance, if you're healthy enough and can afford the premiums. Third, you can qualify for Medicaid.


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Sunday, October 1, 2017

When Will Power Is Not Enough

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney*

One of the most common estate planning techniques is the Last Will and Testament.  However, if an individual passes assets at death by Will, usually someone needs to qualify before the Circuit Court in the jurisdiction in which they died.  This process is called Probate.  In Virginia, probate is supervised by private attorneys appointed by the court.


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Friday, September 1, 2017

Saving Taxes With Charitable Remainder Trusts

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney*

There is a very powerful estate planning tool that may enable you to reduce your liability for income and estate taxes and diversify your assets in a tax-advantaged manner.  It is called a Charitable Remainder Trust (CRT).  Here is how it works.  A CRT is an irrevocable trust that makes annual or more frequent payments you, typically until you (and, if appropriate, your spouse) die.


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Tuesday, August 1, 2017

The Case for the Joint Living Trust

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney*

In recent years, the revocable living trust has become the choice of record for estate planning.  A trust is a contract between the maker of the trust, normally called the Grantor, and the manager of the trust, typically called the Trustee.  The trust is a set of instructions whereby the Grantor enters into an agreement with the Trustee to manage certain assets r-titled in the name of the Trustee.  For example, a Grantor may have a large investment account.


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Saturday, July 1, 2017

Spousal Rights in Their Deceased Spouse's Estate

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney*

On January 1, 1991, the Virginia General Assembly enacted a new statute regarding the rights of a spouse in their deceased spouse’s estate.  This statute introduced the concept of an “augmented estate.”  What this meant was that when a husband or wife died, the surviving spouse had certain rights in their marital property defined as the augmented estate, even if the decedent had written a will or a trust designed to disinherit their spouse.  The surviving spouse could simply file a claim in court for a share of the couples augmented estate and could elect to take 1/3 of the augmented estate if there were children or ½ of the augmented estate if there were no children.


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Thursday, June 1, 2017

Payable on Death

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney*

Payable on Death (POD) accounts are used by many individuals so that when they pass away the account is designated to a specific individual or group of individuals.  They are used on bank accounts, brokerage accounts, retirement accounts and/or insurance policies.  Naming a beneficiary on a financial account can be useful from an estate planning perspective, but is dangerous in many cases.  For example, if you have a large bank account or brokerage account and you name a child as payable on death beneficiary, and the child predeceased you, that account will normally go through the probate process at your death and be distributed by your Executor or your Administrator of the estate.


Read more . . .


Monday, May 1, 2017

A Legacy Trust: Making Your Estate Last For Generations

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney*

A great estate planning tool is a revocable living trust called a Dynasty Trust designed to last for multiple generations.  The Dynasty Trust contains a special provision for the continuation of the trust after your death for the benefit of your children and beyond.  At your death, the Dynasty Trust creates a separate “Legacy Trust” from the original trust for the benefit of each beneficiary you name.  The Legacy Trust protects the assets in the Legacy Trust from the creditors of the beneficiary, from estate and death taxes at the death of the beneficiary, from claims of their spouses in the event of a divorce, and can insulate assets in the trust from being deemed “available resources” in the event the beneficiary seeks public assistance under Medicaid for nursing home care.


Read more . . .


Saturday, April 1, 2017

Legacy Trusts(s) for Children

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney

A Dynasty Trust contains special provisions for the continuation of the trust after your death(s) for the benefit of your beneficiaries.  The Trust provides for the creation of a Legacy Trust.  A separate Legacy Trust will be set up from the original trust for each of the beneficiaries you have identified.  The Legacy Trust is designed to protect the assets in the Legacy Trust from the creditors of the beneficiary, from estate and death taxes at the death of the beneficiary, from claims of spouses in the event of a divorce, and to insulate assets in the trust from being deemed available resources in the event of the beneficiary’s disability in case he or she is otherwise eligible to receive public assistance such as Medicaid or supplemental social security income.

In most cases, the initial beneficiary may serve as the trustee of his/her Legacy Trust, and as such, will have full discretion with respect to the investment of the assets so long as they remain in the trust.


Read more . . .


Wednesday, March 1, 2017

The Inherited IRA

By: Joseph T. “Chip” Buxton III, Certified Elder Law Attorney*

An Inherited IRA, 401K, §357 or §403L Plan and Thrift Savings Plan are retirement accounts that are passed at the death of the owner to someone other than a spouse.  According to the US Supreme Court[1], an Inherited IRA (or similar plans) are subject to the claims of the beneficiary’s creditors.  This means if you leave your IRA or other retirement account to a child or another individual other than your spouse, a creditor (which might include a spouse of a child in a divorce suit) can come after that retirement plan to satisfy their claim.  This would require the beneficiary to cash out the IRA, pay the income taxes due, then pay off the creditor.


Read more . . .


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